Berglander

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Fruit Fact: Berlander, a variety of apples

Berglander is an old Belgian heirloom apple that stands out for being an all purpose apple, appeals to a large audience, keeps well, is disease resistant and is an incredibly vigorous grower. It's very well adapted to cold, wet climates such as West of the Cascades and the Northern California coast.

Variety Background:

Most Common Name: Berlander
Species: Malus domestica seedling
Synonyms: Bellefleur des Flandres, Belle-Fleur Large Mouche
Origin: Seedling found on the banks of the river Dender between 1780 and 1790 in Denderwindeke (East Flanders) in Belgium.
Patents or Trademarks: None

Fruit:

Description: Medium to large irregularly shaped fruit that is oblate, but with one side that is usually much higher than the other. Short, curved steel. The Calyx is medium size in an irregularly, deep calyx cavity. The skin is smooth, yellow base with a deep red cover, stripes on the sunny side.

Flavor and tasting notes: The flesh is light yellow, firm and hard, moderately juicy with an agreeable taste. Described as soft and mealy in the GRIN database, but this is inconsistent with European descriptions of this apple.

Adaptation:

Ideal for cool, wet climates. Adapted to a wide range of soils, including poor, sandy soils.

Bloom Time Rating:

Growth Habit:

Lush and very vigorous grower, berglander is a big tree that forms a wide hanging crown with branches that bend downward. Mature trees will form open umbrella-like crowns that can stretch to 12 meters in diameter.

Vigor: T3

Harvest, storage and consumption:

Precocious bearer with a strong biennial tendency, harvest end of September into October.

Begin of Harvest: mid Sept
End of Harvest: mid Oct
Stores Until:

Usage:

Mostly a dessert apple that appeals to a wide audience, but also very juicy, making it an ideal cider apple. In Belgium, this apple was once very popular for commercial processing and cooking. The dense apple results in a great keeper that will store until March.

Eating: Yes
Cooking: Yes
Cider: Yes

Diseases:

Disease resistant, but susceptible to cancers.

Scab Susceptibility: Low
Fire Blight Susceptibility:
Powdery Mildew Susceptibility: Low
Cedar Apple Rust Susceptibility:
Black Rot Susceptibility:
Phytopthera Rots Susceptibility:
Fly Speck Susceptibility:
Coddling Moth Susceptibility:

Nurseries that carry this variety:

Not available in any US nurseries, but scion wood is readily available from various sources.

GRIN Cross-reference: PI 131964

Photo Gallery

Berglander, from a Dutch source. (c) Unknown